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Electronic references
Betancourt, Michael (2002) Disruptive Technology: The Avant-Gardness of Avant-Garde Art. Available in electronic format:
Cascone, Kim, (2000). The Aesthetics of Failure: "Post-digital" Tendencies in Contemporary Computer Music. Available in electronic format:
Costikyan, Greg, (1994) I Have No Words & I Must Design, available in electronic format:
Crawford, Chris, (1982, electronic version 1997) The Art of Computer Game Design, available in electronic format:
Eskelinen, M., (1998) Omission impossible: the ergodics of time. Electronic format:
Frasca, G., (2001) Videogames of the Oppressed - Videogames as a means for critical thinking and debate. Available in electronic format:
Frasca, G., (2001 Simulation101:Simulation versus Representation
Available in electronic format:
Frasca, G., (1999) Ludology meets Narratology: Similitude and differences between (video)games and narrative.
Available in electronic format:
Friedman, T., (1998) Civilization and Its Discontents: Simulation, Subjectivity and Space, From Discovering Discs: Transforming Space and genre CD-Rom, Ed. Greg Smith: New York University Press.
Huitt, W. (2003) The information processing approach to cognition. Educational Psychology Interactive. Valdosta, GA: Valdosta State University. Available in electronic format:
Leishman, D., (2000) Does Point and Click Interactivity Destroy the Story? The convergence of interactivity with
, Master of Design thesis, Glasgow School of Art, available in electronic format:
Manovich, L.,(1999) Avant-garde as Software, available in electronic format:
Manovich, L., (2001) Post-media Aesthetics, available in electronic format:
Manovich, L., (2002) Data Art, available in electronic format:
Manovich, L., (2002) Generation Flash, Postscript: On The Lightness of Flash, available in electronic format:
Mateas, M., (2002) Interactive Drama, Art and Artificial Intelligence, PhD thesis, School of Computer Science, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, available in electronic format:
Moulthrop, S., (1999) Gamely Interstitial, Narrative, Excess, and Artifactual Interstanding
Available in electronic format:
Moulthrop, S., (1999) Misadventure: Future Fiction and the New Networks,
Available in electronic format:
Olshefski, Jonathan, (2003) Traversing the Labyrinth of Bloody Chambers , not published, Temple University, Philadelphia, USA.
Rensink, Ronald A. (2000) When Good Observers Go Bad: Change Blindness, Inattentional Blindness, and Visual Experience. Psyche 6(9). Available in electronic format:
Ryan, Marie-Laure, (1994) Immersion vs. Interactivity: Virtual Reality and Literary Theory, available in electronic format:
Ryan, Marie-Laure, (July 2001) Beyond Myth and Metaphor - The Case of Narrative in Digital Media, available in electronic format:
Salvaggio, E., (2nd / December 2002). Six Rules Towards A New Internet Art, available in electronic format:
Seaman, Bill, (2000) Recombinant Poetics: Emergent Explorations of Digital Video in Virtual Space, available in electronic format:
Strehovec,J., (1998) Text as Virtual Reality (Techno-Aesthetics and Web- Literatures), abstract available in electronic format, see:

Electronic practices referenced:
Amerika , Mark. Electronic text:
Amerika , Mark , (1997) Grammatron. Electronic text, see:
Amerika , Mark , (1999) PHON:E:ME. Electronic text, see:
Amerika , Mark , (2001/2) FILMTEXT. Electronic text, see:
Andrews, Jim. Electronic text:
Andrews, Jim, (2003) Arteroids 2.5. Electronic text:
Anon. Mouchette. Electronic text, see:
Biggs, Simon. Electronic text:
Biggs, Simon, (1996) The Great Wall of China.
Bunting, Heath. Electronic text: http:/
Cayley, John. Electronic text:
Coverley, M. D., (1997- Ongoing) The Book of Going Forth by Day.
Electronic text, see:
Crankbunny (2002). Future Installment Three: Infrasound
DavidStill. Electronic text:
Eliza. Electronic text:
Endo, Toshi. Electronic text:
Fisher, Caitlin, (2001) These Waves of Girls. Electronic text:
Franceschini, Amy & Olm, Josh. Electronic text:
Gmunk (Bradley Grosh). Electronic text:
Jackson, Shelly, (1995) Patchwork Girl, Watertown, Massachusetts: Eastgate Systems Inc., CD-Rom
Hanada, Kinya. Electronic text:
Hanada, Kinya &Paek, Eun-Ha & Ackermann, Karl. Electronic text:
Hoogerbrugge, Han. Electronic text:
Jodi (Joan Heemskerk and Dirk Paesmans). Electronic text:
Joyce, M, (1987) Afternoon, Mass: Eastgate Systems, Diskette.
Joyce, M., (1999) The Sonatas of Saint Francis. Electronic text, see:
Jugovic, Alexandria & Schmitt, Florian, Electronic text: ,
Leishman. D, (Dec 2000) RedRidinghood, Electronic text,
Leishman. D, (2001) Angel Interceptor.Electronic text,
Leishman. D, (May 2002) The Bloody Chamber. Electronic text, /indexblood.html
Levin, Golan, (2002) The Secret Lives of Numbers. Electronic text:
Lialina, Olia, (1996) My boyfriend came back from the war! Electronic text:
McDaid, John, (1992) Uncle Buddy's Phantom Funhouse, Macintosh Diskette (Requires HyperCard), Watertown: Eastgate, Also see:
McPhee, Christina, (2003) Naxsmash Project (Texts are culled and interactively rearranged in selections from Italo Calvino, Gerard Manley Hopkins, Franz Kafka, Julien Green, Walter Benjamin, and others).
Electronic text:
Mez (Mary-Anne Breeze), _the data][h!][bleeding texts_. Electronic text:
Memmot, T., (2000) Lexia to Perplexia.Electronic text:
Mitsuse, Naoki & Morisaki, Masaki & Mitsuru, Sunday & Takada, Mon. Electronic text:
Montfort, N., & Gillespie, W., (2000) The Ed Report. Electronic text:
Moulthrop, S., (1999) Reagan Library
Moulthrop, S., (1991) Victory Garden, Watertown, Massachusetts: Eastgate Systems Inc., CD-Rom
Moulthrop, S., (1996) with Sean Cohen, The Colour of Television.
Moulthrop, S., (1995/1997) Hegirascope. Electronic text:
Miller, Rand and Robyn Miller, etal. (1993) Myst, CD-Rom game, Cyan, Broderbund
Owenns, Jimmy, (2001) Peau Nue. Electronic text:
Paterson, James & Pitaru, Amit. Electronic text:
Ulm, Josh. Electronic Text: &
Radical Software Group (Alex Galloway). (2002) Carnivore. Electronic text:
Rolito (Ian D). Electronic text:
Soda (1996 - pres) Soda Constructor. Electronic text:
Shulgin, Alexei. Electronic text:
Smith, Patrick. Electronic text:
Stumpo, Nikola. Electronic text:
Tindall, James (2001) Singlecell, Electronic texts: &
Thomson , Jon & Craighead, Alison, Thompson and Craighead (1991 -pres). (2004) Electronic text: &
Vuk Cosic. Electronic text:
Wardrip-Fruin, Noah, (1998+) Impermanence Agent. Electronic text:
WeWorkForThem (Michael Cina and Michael Young). Electronic text:
List of artists featured in the contextual practice review
Art Hybrid Programmatic Design

Amerika, Mark
Andrews, Jim
Biggs, Simon
Bookchin, Natalie
Cosic, Vuk
Desperate Optimists
Digital Sisters Indeed
Fisher, Caitlin
Heavy Industries
Highland, August
Kilma, John
Lialina, Olia
Loyer, Eric
Slattery, Diana
The Ed Report
The Remedi Project
Thomson Craighead
Tosic, Nikola
Zellen, Jody

Alt Sense
Evil Pupil
Future Farmers
Hoogerbrugge, Han
Life of Pi
The Killer

Brown, Daniel
Digit London
Flight 404
Jevbratt, Lisa
Levin, Golan
Tindall, James
The Third Place

Abnormal Behaviour Child
Codex Series
Milky Elephant
The Rafters
Van Meter, Trevor
Please note: the immediately above were "screen grabbed" during Spring/Summer 2002 and again in Summer 2004.
Original practice by the candidate:
Angel Interceptor * 8 week (part-time production) project completed March 2001.
The Bloody Chamber * 13 week project completed May 2002.
Deviant: The Possession of Christian Shaw 32 week project completed Jan 2004.
* Denotes artwork previously published on